Canada and the United States have the world’s longest international border between them--but you wouldn’t know from their shared cultures. As of 2016, there are around 783,000 Canadians living in the U.S. California, New York and Florida are home to the highest numbers of Canadians.
Where San Francisco is the tech capital of the U.S., Toronto is Canada’s center for all things technology. With flights from Toronto and Vancouver going as low as $358, now is a great time for Canadians to make the move to the Golden Gate City.
Whether it’s hockey or poutine that you miss, San Francisco has a lot to offer for the homesick Canadian.
For the best bars to frequent during NFL season, there’s Columbus Cafe (562 Green Street), The Blue Light (1979 Union Street), Bus Stop Bar (1901 Union Street), Nick’s Crispy Tacos (1500 Broadway Street) and Green’s Sports Bar (2239 Polk Street).
Need a poutine fix? You can check out Umami Burger (2184 Union Street), Wayfare Tavern (558 Sacramento Street), Salt House (545 Mission Street) and Jasper’s Corner Tap & Kitchen (401 Taylor Street).
The U.S. also has several cell phone providers that let you call your loved ones at Canada at no charge:
- T-mobile - No charges
- Verizon - Unlimited long distance calls to Mexico and Canada for $5 a month
- AT&T - Included in certain plans
- Sprint - No charges
Finding an apartment in San Francisco
Known for Silicon Valley, its diverse population and its fog, San Francisco (aka “the Bay Area,” “the City by the Bay” and “the Foggy City”) is the 15th largest city in the U.S. Despite having a high apartment vacancy rate, however, San Francisco faces a housing crisis that can make apartment-hunting a challenge for people moving to the area.
When choosing a flat in San Francisco, you’ll also need to consider the neighborhood’s micro-climate. A study by an apartment rental website found that rental prices often vary according to how foggy an area is.
You’ll also want to consider how old the building of your apartment is, as well as how far your new residence will be from your workplace. Commuting to work in San Francisco can take up to 1.5 hours a day.
Remember to bring an employment letter that shows your job title and salary, as most landlords want proof of your financial capability. Ask the landlord if he or she uses Yardi, Intellirent, or First Advantage -- these are all companies that accept an international credit history from selected Nova Credit-enabled countries like Australia, Canada, India, Mexico and the UK to reduce the upfront costs of your move. If you need a guarantor, you can opt for services like The Guarantors, which will guarantee your rent payments for a fee.
Before settling on an apartment, clarify what utilities and amenities your rent covers, such as parking, cable, Internet and telephone bills. Your landlord may also ask for a refundable security deposit. Security deposits can’t amount to more than two months’ rent (for unfurnished units) or three months’ rent (for furnished units).
Other fees you may need to inquire about are:
- Broker fees, usually ranging between one month’s rent to 15% of a year’s rent
- Move-in deposits
- Move-in fees
For more tips on renting in the U.S., click here.
Getting around San Francisco
To travel around San Francisco, you’ll need a Clipper Card, which only costs $3 and works on both the city transit system (Muni) and the regional transit system (Bay Area Rapid Transit or BART). BART runs until midnight, while Muni runs until 1 a.m. Bus rides cost $2.50 while cable cars cost $8.
You can drive in San Francisco with your Canadian license as long as:
- You are at least 18 years of age
- The license was lawfully issued in your country
- The license covers the type of vehicle you are driving
- You are not or not yet a resident of California
Once you become a Californian resident, you need to obtain a California-issued driver’s license within 10 days of your new residency. You can get a driver’s license at San Francisco’s Department of Motor Vehicles. While you’ll need to prove that you are a California resident, you don’t have to be a U.S. citizen to get a license.
Requirements for transferring your out-of-state license are the following:
- Debit card or cash to make $36 payment
- Proof of your Social Security number (Social Security card or Military ID)
- Proof of your birth date and legal presence (U.S. passport or birth certificate)
Any of the following proof of your California residency
- Mortgage bill
- Utility bill
- Rental or lease agreement signed by your landlord
- A valid out-of-state driver’s license
You may also want to ask your employer if they offer shuttle services (aka “Google Buses”) to and from work, a common transport solution in San Francisco because Silicon Valley is nearly 40 miles away.
Setting up your finances
Once you move abroad, there are some changes to your finances and taxes that you need to consider. For instance, leaving the U.K. requires English foreign nationals to inform their government and send their tax returns.
Taxes for Canadian citizens in the U.S.
Canadian citizens living in the U.S. don’t need to file income taxes in Canada if (a) the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) considers you a non-resident and (b) your income does not come from Canadian sources. The CRA typically considers you a non-resident on the following grounds:
- You live in another country and are not considered a resident of Canada
- You have no significant ties to Canada (e.g. a spouse in Canada, a Canadian driver’s license, Canadian bank accounts or properties)
- You live outside Canada throughout the tax year or you stay in Canada less than 183 days in the tax year
- The U.S. government views you as a U.S. resident
If your income does come from Canada despite living abroad, you will then be subject to Part XIII taxes. Canadian income includes dividends, rental and royalty payments, pension, management fees and retiring allowances. You may view the full list of taxable incomes here.
The best banks for Canadians in San Francisco
Whether you plan on traveling back and forth from Canada or if you’re planning to stay permanently in San Francisco, you might want to consider opening an account with banks that have a strong presence in both the U.S. and Canada:
- CIBC U.S.
- BMO Harris
- Chase Bank
- TD Bank
- Toronto-Dominion Bank
- Bank of Nova Scotia
- National Bank of Canada
- RBC Bank
- Royal Bank of Canada
- Bank of Montreal
Transferring Canadian credit history to the U.S.a
To successfully rent an apartment, get a credit card or take out a loan, you’ll need a U.S. credit history. In the past, you would have needed to build your credit score from scratch, but with Nova Credit, you can transfer your existing international credit history to the U.S.
Getting a U.S. credit card with international credit history, such as an American Express card, has been made easier with Nova Credit’s partner companies:
- American Express
- Applied Bank
Learn more about products available for Canadian newcomers to the U.S. here. For more resources on how to navigate your new life in the U.S., you can visit Nova Credit’s resource library where you can learn about everything from renting an apartment to finding the best credit cards for noncitizens.